A slew of grid penalties has produced a massive shake-up in the starting line-up for the second race of the Formula 3 European Championship round at Misano.
Thirteen of the 22 drivers have been penalised for track-limits offences following the wet second qualifying session on Saturday evening, after teams were instructed to bring onboard footage for the stewards to view at Sunday lunchtime.
Autosport understands that the penalties were based on track-limits offences at Turns 4 and 13.
Marcus Armstrong, second in the championship, and Ferdinand Habsburg are the worst-affected, each earning a seven-place penalty.
Armstrong therefore drops from second on the grid to ninth, with Habsburg falling from fifth to 12th.
While Juri Vips keeps his pole position, his front-row partner is now Enaam Ahmed, who was only 11th quickest in the session.
Jehan Daruvala is penalised one spot, but actually moves up from seventh to third, while Alex Palou loses two positions but goes forward from sixth to fourth.
The unpenalised Sebastian Fernandez and Mick Schumacher (docked four places) form the third row, with Ben Hingeley (two-place penalty) and Ralf Aron (five positions) on row four.
Armstrong is joined by the unpenalised Jonathan Aberdein on the fifth row.
Championship leader Dan Ticktum cops a four-place penalty and drops from ninth to 11th, with Guan Yu Zhou getting a five-place hit that relegates him from eighth to 13th.
Also penalised are Fabio Scherer, Nikita Troitskiy, Artem Petrov and Keyvan Andres.
There was some argument over whether Vips should have been penalised for suspicion of breaching track limits at the Turn 15 left-hander, which is flat in the dry but not in the wet.
The allegation came because Vips was 25km/h faster through Turn 15 than many of his opponents, but Autosport understands that there is clear evidence that he stayed firmly within track limits at this corner throughout the session, and that he was simply much quicker than the rest.