Monaco is truly a one-off circuit on the Formula One calendar, and unlike any other track that is set around busy city streets, as the two other temporary circuits, in Australia and Canada, are set in parkland.
Monaco's demands are well known: cambered bumpy roads, with several tight corners and several heavy braking zones, following on from the short straights.
Within such tight confines, qualifying is unusually important for a good race result. In terms of set-up, the cars need higher ride heights, softer spring and soft tyres. With no long straight, drag is not a problem, and instead the need for maximum downforce and plenty of cooling are the aerodynamic priorities.
Engines need to be tuned for mid-range to give good pick up out of the corner, especially the hairpin, which sees the lowest revs of any corner in F1 - taken in first gear, the engines drop to 5,000rpm, and the drivers need full lock on the steering.