1.544 seconds - that's the amount of time KTM gained between its MotoGP race debut at Valencia 2016 and the final race of its first full season at the same venue a year later.
However you look at it, it's an impressive feat. But it's one that would have been impossible without a system of rules specifically designed to allow MotoGP's new or struggling entrants to catch up to the established frontrunners.
The rules surrounding MotoGP's 'technical concessions' were formalised in 2016 to coincide with the championship's move to standardised electronic software. But their roots can be traced back to Dorna's not-universally-popular 'Claiming Rule Team' (or CRT, for short) revolution.