A total of 168 positions' worth of grid penalties will officially be applied to the Formula 1 field for the Italian Grand Prix at Monza.
The McLaren, Toro Rosso and Red Bull teams contribute the majority, having made a number of engine changes between them - some tactical, others due to failures - at a track that was always likely to be a challenge for power unit suppliers Honda and Renault.
Their demotions elevate the Manor-run Marussias of Will Stevens and Roberto Merhi to 13th and 14th on the grid ahead of half a dozen penalised cars.
None of the sextet at the back are able to take the full scale of their penalties, which include a 50-place drop for Daniel Ricciardo's multiple engine changes.
An FIA rule tweak earlier this season made a back-of-the-grid start the highest penalty possible, ending previous practices of making up 'leftover' positions via in-race drive-throughs or the 2014 system of grid drops at subsequent races.
Max Verstappen starts last even though three other drivers technically have more substantial grid drops than his 30 places, as he did not set a time in qualifying so is not considered to have run in the session.
The Toro Rosso only emerged for an installation lap in Q1 following a Renault engine change, and then shed a large section of its bodywork - which earned Verstappen a drive-through penalty for the race as the car had been released in an unsafe condition.
The only non-technical grid penalty was awarded to Sauber's Marcus Ericsson, who was given a three-place penalty for blocking Nico Hulkenberg's Force India in qualifying.
As Carlos Sainz Jr's Toro Rosso - 13th-fastest in qualifying - is affected by an engine penalty, Ericsson's actual demotion is just two places from 10th to 12th.
ITALIAN GRAND PRIX STARTING GRID:
|7||Sergio Perez||Force India/Mercedes|
|9||Nico Hulkenberg||Force India/Mercedes|
|17||Carlos Sainz Jr.||Toro Rosso/Renault|
|18||Daniil Kvyat||Red Bull/Renault|
|19||Daniel Ricciardo||Red Bull/Renault|
|20||Max Verstappen||Toro Rosso/Renault|
FULL LIST OF PENALTIES
Ericsson: 3 places (impeding) Starts 12th on account of Sainz's penalty.
Button: 5 places (9th engine - already on 9th turbo)
Alonso: 10 places (9th engine)
Sainz: 35 (5th and 6th engines + 5th turbo, MHU-K and MGU-H)
Kvyat: 35 (6th and 7th engines + 5th and 6th turbo + gearbox)
Ricciardo: 50 (6th engine and 5th turbo, MGU-K and MGU-H + 7th engine and 6th turbo, MGU-K and MGU-H)
Verstappen: 30 places (7th engine and 5th turbo and MGU-K + broken seals on 6th engine (fitted for qualifying) Starts last on account of not running in qualifying. Will also take a drive through in first three laps for unsafe release in Q1
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