Subscribe

Sign up for free

  • Get quick access to your favorite articles

  • Manage alerts on breaking news and favorite drivers

  • Make your voice heard with article commenting.

Autosport Plus

Discover premium content
Subscribe
WEC Spa

Ford "a long way" from WEC podium contention with torque sensor setbacks

Ongoing efforts to optimise the World Endurance Championship's mandatory torque sensors mean Ford's new Mustang GT3 isn't yet in a position to challenge for LMGT3 podiums, its drivers believe.

#77 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Ryan Hardwick, Zacharie Robichon, Benjamin Barker

Ryan Hardwick and Giorgio Roda, the bronze-graded drivers in the Proton Competition team that runs the Mustang in the WEC, both identified inexperience with the driveshaft-mounted sensors that enable power outputs to be regulated and help to uphold the Balance of Performance as the main element hampering Ford's efforts.

Speaking to Autosport, Hardwick said that its current limitations with the torque sensor is "the biggest thing holding us back when we’re around our competitors".

The 2023 European Le Mans Series GTE champion explained that, while Proton continues to "make small improvements" with every race weekend, it remains "a long ways away" from the point of challenging at the sharp end in race trim.

Several manufacturers have also experienced teething problems with the sensors, which are a new requirement for LMGT3 cars in 2024 but have been used in the Hypercar class since 2021.

They work alongside the ECU to compensate for any spikes that exceed the maximum power allowed under the BoP and ensure cars are within the limits.

"The main thing is the experience from the torque sensor," Roda told Autosport. "It’s completely new for Ford. And every race is a new thing for us.

"Mechanically and set-up-wise we are getting there, every race we are getting closer. But the main issue is that torque sensor thing."

#88 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Giorgio Roda, Mikkel Pedersen, Dennis Olsen

#88 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Giorgio Roda, Mikkel Pedersen, Dennis Olsen

Photo by: Emanuele Clivati | AG Photo

In other series where the Multimatic-built Mustang GT3 races without torque sensors, including the IMSA SportsCar Championship and GT World Challenge Europe, it has proven competitive. Proton finished in the top 10 on the car's GTWCE Endurance Cup debut at Paul Ricard, and has a best finish of fifth in the IMSA GTD class at Long Beach.

Torque sensors are also used in the LMGT3 class of the ELMS, although Ford currently has no presence in that series.

Hardwick noted that its WEC rivals "can just leave us out of the corners" and stressed that "it's not because of the engine".

"The Ford makes plenty of power, we just aren’t good at putting the power to the ground in an appropriate way, which is this software and the coding with the torque sensor," he said.

"Pretty much in every straight, our ECU is pulling power away from us where the others are getting power.

"It’s a bit frustrating right now. We’ll figure it out, but it’s just going to take time."

#77 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Ryan Hardwick, Zacharie Robichon, Benjamin Barker

#77 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Ryan Hardwick, Zacharie Robichon, Benjamin Barker

Photo by: JEP / Motorsport Images

Why torque sensors matter

The FIA is clear that torque sensors, currently supplied to the WEC by MagCanica, allow for unrivalled accuracy of monitoring engine performance in real time.

Previously, engine mapping on a dyno used to define the desired level of boost or restriction should be granted under the BoP was "more or less impossible to be very accurate" in modelling every kind of atmospheric condition, explains Xavier Mestelan Pinon, the FIA's chief technical and safety officer.

"With the torque sensors, especially in WEC but not only, for sure it is the best way to have the right accuracy regarding what we are looking for in terms of balance of performance," he said.

"It’s to balance cars or to understand what happens on the track."

Their use serves a wider purpose too, in helping to control costs by disincentivising engine development, while also ensuring that engine performance tests that were previously mandatory in the homologation process are no longer required.

Mestelan Pinon added that it is the prerogative of the manufacturers to get their cars working seamlessly with the sensors, which are also used in Formula E.

"The first thing that each manufacturer has to manage, it’s the closed loop to control the power," he said.

#88 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Giorgio Roda, Mikkel Pedersen, Dennis Olsen

#88 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Giorgio Roda, Mikkel Pedersen, Dennis Olsen

Photo by: JEP / Motorsport Images

"After, regarding the teams, during each event, they have of course to take care about the sensor, they have some adjustments to do during an event. It’s just something they have to learn.

"But the main job has to be done by the OEMs at the very beginning of the project where they have to put the sensor – we have some very strict rules for that, how they will use it."

Hopes for Le Mans

Roda's sixth place on the grid for Imola is the only occasion to date that the Mustang has made Hyperpole in the WEC, but both cars made the points in the race for the first time at Spa.

Together with Mikkel Pedersen and Dennis Olsen, Roda's car finished eighth, one place ahead of Hardwick, Zacharie Robichon and Ben Barker.

Proton will scale up to run a third Mustang at the Le Mans 24 Hours that factory driver Christopher Mies will share with ELMS regulars John Hartshorne and Ben Tuck, as well as fielding an LMP2 entry and its regular Porsche 963 LMDh in Hypercar.

Roda is optimistic that at Le Mans the extra testing opportunities available will help Proton to get closer to the performance envelope "so we will maybe be nearer the other ones".

"We are altogether working to sort it out as well with the Ford and Multimatic guys, so I believe we’re going to get there," he added.

#88 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Giorgio Roda, Mikkel Pedersen, Dennis Olsen

#88 Proton Competition Ford Mustang LMGT3: Giorgio Roda, Mikkel Pedersen, Dennis Olsen

Photo by: JEP / Motorsport Images

"I don’t know when but sometime we’re going to get there."

The Italian's view is shared by Kevin Groot, the global sportscar manager for Ford Performance.

He said: "Overall, we are pleased with the progress we are making with Proton Competition and Multimatic in what are still the very early days for the Mustang GT3 programme.

"Every time we go racing, we are learning more and more about the car, the team and the drivers, and this puts us in a decent place for Le Mans.

"We did have some technical challenges during FP1 at Spa, which we worked on and improved.

"Our focus now is on preparing for Le Mans and continuing to improve both the car and also understand more about the torque control systems.

"There are gains to be made in all areas and not just in the torque control, and the team have a good line of sight on what it takes to push the Mustang GT3 programme forwards."

Be part of the Autosport community

Join the conversation
Previous article BMW not concerned about Le Mans rookies in WEC Hypercar roster
Next article Alpine: Alpenglow prototype will help determine costs of hydrogen Le Mans project

Top Comments

Sign up for free

  • Get quick access to your favorite articles

  • Manage alerts on breaking news and favorite drivers

  • Make your voice heard with article commenting.

Autosport Plus

Discover premium content
Subscribe