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Which F1 drivers will start 2024 with penalty points and when do they expire?

Superlicence penalty points are given to drivers much in the way a normal driving license works - here’s how many points each driver has accrued and when they expire.

Kevin Magnussen, Haas VF-23, Alex Albon, Williams FW45, crash at the start

Kevin Magnussen, Haas VF-23, Alex Albon, Williams FW45, crash at the start

Mark Sutton / Motorsport Images

Red Bull’s Sergio Perez will be entering the 2024 F1 season with the most penalty points on his super licence after being found to have caused several incidents in 2023. With his team-mate Max Verstappen also having a couple of points under his belt, the Red Bull team have the most penalty points of any team.  

What are driver penalty points?

The F1 penalty point system is in place to try and control driver behaviour and minimise racing incidents.  

Similar to a regular driving licence, if a driver is given 12 penalty points on their super licence over a 12-month period, they will be punished with a one-race ban. If a driver receives a ban, then the points will be removed from a driver's super licence when they return.  

The super licence is a mandatory requirement for any F1 driver to compete and is awarded by the FIA. The super licence was first introduced in the early 1990s, with penalty points brought in in 2014.  

Any points given to drivers expire 12 months after they were awarded.  

Here are all the penalty points that were handed out to drivers in 2023 and when they will expire:  

Sergio Perez - Seven points

Sergio Perez was given seven points during the 2023 season, with four of those coming at the 2023 Japanese Grand Prix. The Red Bull driver’s first penalty point came at the Singapore Grand Prix on 17 September, when he caused a collision with Alex Albon. Perez managed to finish in eighth place after a contact with the British-Thai driver on the Turn 13 left-hander. 

Sergio Perez, Red Bull Racing RB19, spins during Qualifying

Sergio Perez, Red Bull Racing RB19, spins during Qualifying

Photo by: Michael Potts / Motorsport Images

Albon was deflected off-line, having to then brake hard, which resulted in a lock-up of his tyres as he tried to avoid hitting the wall. Both drivers were summoned to the race stewards, who decided that Albon had attempted to take the normal racing line through the corner but was unaware of the precise location of Perez. They also concluded that the Mexican’s move up the inside was considered to be an “optimistic late manoeuvre” and he was predominately to blame for the collision. 

Perez was then awarded four points at the 2023 Japanese Grand Prix the following week for two separate incidents. The first two penalty points were awarded after he passed Fernando Alonso under safety car conditions following a Lap 1 collision between himself, Carlos Sainz and Lewis Hamilton. Perez managed to limp his car back to the pits but in the process overtook the Aston Martin. 

The Red Bull driver was handed a five-second penalty for the incident, which he served 10 laps later during a pitstop. He rejoined the race behind Haas’ Kevin Magnussen but attempted an unsuccessful overtake on the hairpin. Red Bull retired Perez’s car to repair the damage, however, later in the race the car was then sent back out to serve another five-second penalty before being retired for good on lap 43. The crash with Kevin Magnussen also resulted in two more super licence penalty points for Sergio Perez. 

Perez’s final two penalty points were given to him at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix after causing a collision with Lando Norris. During an intense battle for fourth place, the Red Bull attempted to drive up the inside of the McLaren during the Turn 6-7 chicane. However, a correction by the Mexican resulted in him crashing into the front-left wheel of the British driver, forcing Norris to go wide. Perez finished the race in second place but after being hit with a five-second penalty, dropped to fourth. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

One 

Singapore Grand Prix 

17 September 2024 

Causing a collision with Alex Albon 

Two 

Japanese Grand Prix 

24 September 2024 

Overtaking Fernando Alonso under safety car conditions 

Two 

Japanese Grand Prix 

24 September 2024 

Causing a collision with Kevin Magnussen 

Two 

Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 

26 November 2024 

Causing a collision with Lando Norris 

Logan Sargeant - Six points

Logan Sargeant managed to obtain six points on his super licence in his rookie year, and received his first two penalty points for causing a collision with Valtteri Bottas at the Italian Grand Prix. The Alfa Romeo driver had successfully overtaken the Williams on Turn 1 of lap 43, but Sargeant then attempted to come back at Bottas into the second chicane. The American pulled inside of the Finnish driver, where he then locked up and went into the Alfa Romeo sidepod. 

Sargeant then received two more penalty points for colliding, again, with Valtteri Bottas at the Japanese Grand Prix. The pair clashed on lap five at Suzuka’s hairpin when Sargeant hit the Alfa Romeo’s right-rear tyre as he tried to overtake him on the outside of the corner. Both cars attempted to carry on but, with terminal damage, the Alfa Romeo and Williams were both retired from the race. 

Logan Sargeant, Williams FW45, Daniel Ricciardo, AlphaTauri AT04

Logan Sargeant, Williams FW45, Daniel Ricciardo, AlphaTauri AT04

Photo by: Mark Sutton / Motorsport Images

Sargeant’s final two penalty points came during qualifying for the Mexican Grand Prix after he was deemed by stewards to have overtaken Yuki Tsunoda during yellow flags conditions. The Williams driver had said he had seen a green panel before overtaking the slow-moving AlphaTauri, but stewards noted: “Overtaking can only occur after passing the green panel or flag. It was also noted that he did not make a sufficient reduction in speed.” 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Italian Grand Prix 

3 September 2024 

Causing a collision with Valtteri Bottas 

Two 

Japanese Grand Prix 

24 September 2024 

Causing a collision with Valtteri Bottas 

Two 

Mexican Grand Prix 

28 October 2024 

Failure to comply with a yellow flag during qualifying 

Lance Stroll - Five points

Lance Stroll was given five penalty points during the 2023 season, and his first two points were awarded after a collision with Pierre Gasly at the British Grand Prix. A previous manoeuvre earlier in the race between the pair had left the Alpine driver “extremely confused” that the Aston Martin driver had not been punished for gaining the advantage off track. Gasly was able to reclaim the position back later in the race, however on lap 48 Stroll attempted an overtake on Vale corner, which resulted in a collision.   

The crash left the Alpine with damage, which saw Gasly retired from the race. Stroll was then awarded a five-second penalty and two points on his super licence after stewards determined that Gasly was “entitled to the line at the exit” and that the Aston Martin driver was responsible for the collision. 

Stroll was then awarded three penalty points at the Las Vegas Grand Prix for overtaking under yellow flag conditions during FP3. Stroll overtook Carlos Sainz as double yellow flags were being waved, after Albon collided with the barriers. The Aston Martin driver then claimed he had his “head down” and looking at his dash, but it was decided by the stewards that he could have done more to avoid the incident. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

British Grand Prix 

9 July 2024 

Collision with Pierre Gasly 

Three 

Las Vegas Grand Prix 

17 November 2024 

Overtaking under yellow flag conditions 

Lewis Hamilton - Four points

Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton obtained four penalty points no his super licence during the 2023 season. His first two points were awarded after causing a collision with Red Bull’s Sergio Perez at the Belgian Grand Prix. The pair were wheel to wheel during Turns 14 and 15 before Hamilton’s car punctured Perez’s side pod. The Red Bull was forced to retire after being passed by multiple other cars and ending up in the gravel following the incident.  

Hamilton was then awarded a further two penalty points at the Italian Grand Prix for causing a collision with Oscar Piastri. The pair came together at the second chicane, which forced the McLaren to pit for a new front wing. Hamilton was quick to apologise to Piastri and take full blame for the accident but was awarded a five-second penalty and two points on his super licence. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Belgian Grand Prix 

29 July 2024 

Causing a collision with Sergio Perez 

Two 

Italian Grand Prix 

3 September 2024 

Causing a collision with Oscar Piastri 

George Russell - Four points

George Russell was awarded four points on his super licence during the last F1 season, with the first two points coming at the Monaco Grand Prix. Russell skidded off the track at Mirabeau after switching to intermediates as it began to rain. He then rejoined the track tightly in front of Sergio Perez, resulting in the Red Bull colliding with the back of the Mercedes. Russell was then given two penalty points and a five-second penalty for rejoining the track in an unsafe manner and causing a collision with the Perez. 

George Russell, Mercedes F1 W14

George Russell, Mercedes F1 W14

Photo by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images

Russell received a further two points on his super licence after causing a collision with Max Verstappen at the Las Vegas Grand Prix. The two cars made contact on lap 25 after Verstappen went for an inside overtake on Turn 12. There was minor damage to both cars, which resulted in a safety car due to the debris on the track. Stewards decided that Verstappen had “a significant portion of the car alongside” during the corner and that Russell was at fault for the collision. Despite the damage, both cars were able to finish the race with Max Verstappen claiming another victory. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Monaco Grand Prix 

28 May 2024 

Rejoining the track in an unsafe manner, causing a collision with Sergio Perez 

Two 

Las Vegas Grand Prix 

19 November 2024 

Causing a collision with Max Verstappen 

Yuki Tsunoda - Three Points

Yuki Tsunoda was given three points on his super licence during the 2023 season. His first point came at the Spanish Grand Prix, where he was found to have forced Zhou Guanyu off the track. On lap 56 the Alfa Romeo driver used DRS to challenge Tsunoda on the outside of Turn 1 before the pair moved into Turn 2. Stewards ruled that the AlphaTauri driver forced the Alfa Romeo off at Turn 2, which resulted in Zhou being forced to take an escape road before rejoining the circuit. 

Tsunoda was also awarded two penalty points for causing a collision with George Russell at the Dutch Grand Prix. The pair came together at Turn 1, which caused damage to the Mercedes’ tyres. Russell revealed at the end of the race that the collision had led to “massive vibrations” in the car. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

One 

Spanish Grand Prix 

4 June 2024 

Forcing Zhou Guanyu off track 

Two 

Dutch Grand Prix 

27 August 2024 

Causing a collision with George Russell 

Valtteri Bottas - Two points

Valtteri Bottas was given two penalty points on his super licence for causing a collision with Lance Stroll at the Mexican Grand Prix. The pair went wheel to wheel on lap 67 as Stroll looked to overtake Bottas for 13th place. The Aston Martin and Alfa Romeo then made contact at the penultimate corner, which sent Stroll spinning. The Canadian was then forced to retire his car from the race. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Mexican Grand Prix 

29 October 2024 

Causing a collision with Lance Stroll 

Zhou Guanyu - Two points

Zhou Guanyu was awarded two penalty points at the Hungarian Grand Prix for causing a collision with Daniel Ricciardo. The Chinese driver had a slow getaway at the very start of the race before he crashed into the back of the AlphaTauri, who was braking for Turn 1. This forced Ricciardo into Estaban Ocon and Pierre Gasly, which saw both Alpine cars retired. Zhou suffered front wing damage and finished the race in 16th, just ahead of three retired cars and Kevin Magnussen in 17th. Stewards ruled that the Alfa Romeo driver “simply did not slow down enough when approaching the corner, resulting in an unnecessary collision”. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Hungarian Grand Prix 

23 July 2024 

Causing a collision with Daniel Ricciardo 

Nico Hulkenberg - Two points

Nico Hulkenberg was found by the stewards to be at fault for causing a collision with Logan Sargeant at the Monaco Grand Prix. The Haas driver attempted an opportunistic pass at the Mirabeau corner during Lap 1, where he lunged down the inside of the Williams. The American driver moved left to avoid the German on his inside, but the two cars ended up making contact.  

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Monaco Grand Prix 

29 May 2024 

Causing a collision with Logan Sargeant 

Carlos Sainz - Two points

Carlos Sainz was given two points on his super licence as a punishment for causing a collision with Fernando Alonso at the Australian Grand Prix. Following the second red flag race restart, the Ferrari clipped the Aston Martin as they exited Turn 1. Alonso restarted in third place, in front of Sainz, where he moved to the outside of the track before cutting back across. Sainz clipped the AMR23, which sent it spinning into the wall. The crash resulted in a third red flag and the safety car to lead the field over the line. Sainz was given a five-second penalty but, under safety car conditions, was not allowed to fight to regain positions. 

Carlos Sainz, Ferrari SF-23

Carlos Sainz, Ferrari SF-23

Photo by: Lionel Ng / Motorsport Images

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Australian Grand Prix 

2 April 2024 

Causing a collision with Fernando Alonso 

Max Verstappen - Two points

Max Verstappen has two penalty points on his super licence for forcing Charles Leclerc off the track at the start of the Las Vegas Grand Prix. The incident occurred during Turn 1 when the Red Bull pulled alongside the Ferrari as they entered the hairpin. Verstappen ran Leclerc off the edge of the track, with the pair arguing that their front axles were ahead at the apex. Stewards decided that the Red Bull was at fault before awarding the Dutch driver a five-second penalty and two points on his super licence. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Las Vegas Grand Prix 

19 November 2024 

Forcing Charles Leclerc off track 

Nyck de Vries - Two points

Although Nyck de Vries lost his F1 seat with AlphaTauri following the British Grand Prix, the driver still has unexpired penalty points on his super licence. De Vries was awarded two points on his super licence for forcing Kevin Magnussen off the track during lap 35 of the Austrian Grand Prix. The AlphaTauri driver was fighting with the Haas for 15th place before Magnussen was forced into the gravel trap, making him drop to last place. 

It was the second altercation between the pair, after an incident on lap four. Following a safety car restart, the Danish driver attempted to go round the outside of the Dutch driver at turn four. Magnussen did not fully come alongside De Vries who was able to keep his line, resulting in the Haas driver running into the gravel. 

Points 

Where  

Expiry date 

Reason 

Two 

Austrian Grand Prix 

2 July 2024 

Forcing Kevin Magnussen off the track 

Driver's penalty points in 2023

Here are how many penalty points each driver has in 2023:

Driver 

Penalty points 

Next expiry date 

Sergio Perez 

17 September 2024 

Logan Sargeant 

3 September 2024 

Lance Stroll 

9 July 2024 

Lewis Hamilton 

29 July 2024 

George Russell 

28 May 2024 

Yuki Tsunoda 

4 June 2024 

Max Verstappen 

19 November 2024 

Carlos Sainz 

2 April 2024 

Valtteri Bottas 

29 October 2024 

Zhou Guanyu 

23 July 2024 

Nico Hulkenberg 

29 May 2024 

Charles Leclerc 

Lando Norris 

Oscar Piastri 

Fernando Alonso 

Pierre Gasly 

Esteban Ocon 

Alex Albon 

Daniel Ricciardo 

Kevin Magnussen 

 

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